Blackjack is a very common game which you will encounter in any casino, be it online or land based. It has been ardently played by people over centuries and is enjoyed globally. It requires courage, mathematical knowledge and luck to enjoy this game. This combination has been the major appealing factor for players both in online and land casinos.

Historical Overview of Blackjack

Blackjack has been thought to have evolved from European roots and its inception can be traced back to the 17th century Europe. There were certain gatherings in salons owned by the lords, by the French players within a game titled "vingt-et-un" (21 in French). A similar version has been mentioned by Miguel de Cervantes, a Spanish author. His iconic story characters Don and Sancho were involved in a blackjack cheat within a game entitled "veintiuna" (21 in Spanish). Italian also had their own version called "sette e mezzo". All of the games consisted of the player losing, if value of the set exceeded 21.

Blackjack flourished due to the immigrants who arrived in America. Gamblers, explorers and entrepreneurs alike, everyone seemed very fond of this game. A turning point came when a comparatively small Nevada town, now called Las Vegas legalized gambling in the year 1931. This generated some revenue for the economy during "Great Depression". The name "blackjack" also evolved during this period.

Modern Blackjack

In the year 1962, Edward O. Thorp, a mathematician, used digital computer simulations to analyze the distribution patterns of blackjack. This gave rise to what is called today "basic blackjack strategy", which is used by all the players throughout the world and which has become an important strategy of blackjack.

Edward's findings received greater exposure when he published his book titled "Beat the Dealer". He stated in his book that players can vary the amount of bets according to the "counting cards" approach and by determining which cards may appear.

College Cheats

Some students from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) applied Edward's findings and applied them in real life to exploit the casinos and baffle out millions of money from them. The group sought the help of various tactics and charts to calculate their chances of winning. A book named "Breaking Vegas" and movie "21" was based on their efforts. Ultimately, casinos strengthened their security systems to avoid such exploitations.

By 1990s casino had emerged themselves into modern technology. Online casinos offering blackjack to anyone with an internet and credit card were created. This gave people the freedom to play blackjack anywhere that they want. This helped increase the popularity of the games tremendously.